Leo XIII


Leo XIII
(1810–1903)
   Pope.
   Leo was born Vincenzo Gioacchino Pecci in Carpineto, Italy. He was ordained into the Roman Catholic priesthood in 1837, was consecrated Bishop of Perugia in 1846, was created a Cardinal in 1853 and was elected Pope in succession to Pius ix in 1878. He made it his aim to reconcile the Papacy with modern civilisation and to that end he established an apostolic delegation in Washington; he established good relations with Belgium and Germany; he made contact with Russia and Japan and he sent an Apostolic Letter to the English. However, he failed to regain the Papal States, anti-clericalism in France grew ever stronger and he condemned the ‘Americanism’ movement associated with Isaac hecker. He is remembered for his encyclical Rerum Novarum of 1891 which encouraged social legislation and the formation of trade unions, for his opening of the Vatican Archives to scholars and for giving some encouragement to biblical critics. Although he was anxious to create friendly relations between the Churches, his commission rejected the validity of Anglican Orders and his idea of Church Union was that the Protestants and the Orthodox should all join Rome. Within his own Church, he promoted spirituality in several encyclicals and in 1900 he consecrated all humanity to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
   E. Soderini, Leo XIII, Italy and France (1935);
   L.P. Wallace, Leo XIII and the Rise of Socialism (1966).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Leo XIII —     Pope Leo XIII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Leo XIII     Born 2 March, 1810, at Carpineto; elected pope 20 February, 1878; died 20 July, 1903, at Rome. Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi was the sixth of the seven sons of Count Lodovico… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Leo XIII — (Giovanni Vincenzo Pecci) 1810 1903, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1878 1903. * * * orig. Vincenzo Gioacchino Pecci born March 2, 1810, Carpineto Romano, Papal States died July 20, 1903, Rome Pope (1878–1903). Born into the Italian nobility, he was… …   Universalium

  • LEO XIII —    257th Pope of Rome, born at Carpineto; distinguished at college in mathematics, physics, and philosophy; took holy orders in 1837, was nuncio to Belgium in 1843, became bishop of Perugia in 1846, cardinal 1853, and Pope in 1878; holds to his… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Leo XIII — /ˈlioʊ/ (say leeoh) noun (Gioacchino Pecci), 1810–1903, Italian ecclesiastic; pope 1878–1903 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Leo XIII — noun Italian pope from 1878 to 1903 who was interested in the advancement of learning and who opened the Vatican secret archives to all scholars • Syn: ↑Gioacchino Pecci, ↑Giovanni Vincenzo Pecci • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pope, ↑Catholic Pope,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leo XIII, Pope — • Lengthy biographical article on the author of Rerum novarum. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Leo XIII — Leo XIII Leo XIII Papacy began 20 February 1878 Papacy ended 20 July 1903 ( 1000000000000002500000025 years, 1000000000000 …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Leo XIII —     Pope Leo XIII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Leo XIII     Born 2 March, 1810, at Carpineto; elected pope 20 February, 1878; died 20 July, 1903, at Rome. Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi was the sixth of the seven sons of Count Lodovico… …   Catholic encyclopedia


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